The History of the Ford Mustang –A 1980s Documentary
Watch this old TV Documentary of the History of the Ford Mustang.
Posted on YouTube By: Mohammed Shoaib
00:00. Only days away. The next day 2,600 newspapers carried advertisements or articles. It was a cover story for Newsweek and Times. The latter dubbed it a Ferrari for the masses. At the New York World’s Fair April 17th, the Mustang made its debut, where it was a major hit. It was shown as a hardtop and a convertible. Initially, they came with three engine sizes. the 170 cubic inch 101 horsepower straight-6, with a floor-mounted three-speed manual gearbox. the 200 CID 1 barrel and the 260 cubic inch 160 horsepower V8 and ford’s Cruise-O-Matic three-speed automatic. another available option was a vinyl covering for the hardtop.
00:55. This is one of the 1964 and a half debut cars. The number 260 on the side forward of the front wheel opening denotes the engine size. Another totally original 1964 and a half convertible with the 260 engine a fake air intake in chrome accentuates the scoop.
01:24. In June 1964 the high-performance 289 v8 appeared. This would become the most popular engine. It had a ten-point five to one compression ratio at a single four-barrel carburetor. Soon afterward the 260 was dropped and the 170 was replaced by the 200 CID inline-six. Wire hub caps were optional.
01:44. Behind the front wheel opening, is the word mustang. preceded by a red, white, and blue vertical bar with the galloping Pony cast on top, which always faced front.
01:56. The reaction was pandemonium to Mustang’s sporty youthful style. Four dealers had to close their doors because of the crush. A Mustang was sold by lottery because of the demand and the winner slept in the car until his check cleared. a truck driver mesmerized by the car in a San Francisco showroom, plowed through the window. There just hadn’t been anything like the Mustang.
02:21. It was the right car for the right time, a sports car with a back seat. It had the power and styling of a sports car but room enough for a couple of friends. It appealed to the young and the young at heart.
02:40. These wild mustangs have become symbolic with the car. John Conlee at the J Walter Thompson advertising agency came up with the name after researching animal names at the Detroit Public Library.
02:53. Ford continued to pique America’s interest with its commercials. Mustang, Mustangs coming April 17th, the unexpected Ford Mustang.
03:11. The hardtop was advertised as practical, economical but beautiful. The sporty convertible stressed the optional rally pack and optional high-performance 289 v8 engine. The vinyl top version was touted as elegant, but affordable.
03:32. In some 1964 commercials. Ford proudly boasted the Tiffany & Company so renowned for elegance and style, had given the Ford Mustang its coveted gold medal award for excellence. The commercial also pointed out that it was the only time Tiffany had given an automobile an award. Not even a Ferrari or Porsche had been so honored.
04:04. Lee Iacocca insisted it cost less than a dollar a pound. It weighed 2,500 pounds and costs two thousand three hundred sixty-eight dollars FOB Detroit. well, America went Mustang crazy and generally paid well over the sticker price because it was so in-demand. 100,000 were sold in the first four months. A thousand a day in 1964. Frank Sinatra and Debbie Reynolds among other celebrities ordered one the first day.
04:27. The fastback named the two plus two appeared in September 1964. 1965 fastback
With the high-performance 289 v8. This was a great engine originally designed by George F Spirit in 1958. It went zero to 60 in about 12 seconds. Had fuel consumption around 17 miles to the gallon. Top speed approaching a hundred ten miles per hour and could run a hundred thousand miles or more without trouble.
05:02. The deluxe optional steering wheel. studded with 18 bright recessed dots and brushed spokes with 12 circular holes. The fastback came with functional air extractor vents.
05:16. The Mustang commercials suggested, owning one could change your life and make you younger, wilder, freer. Mustangers could take on the cavalry and beat them. A staid librarian’s dream of Mexico, gets into her Mustang, lets her hair down heads south of the border, and becomes Matador. The timid became Braves, the weak strong and the sedate became wild. When you became a Mustanger, bullies couldn’t push you around anymore and you could take on the world.
05:57. This 1965 Mustang GT has been completely self-restored by its original husband and wife owners. after the car had been out for a while. Ford’s research discovered 71% ordered v8 engines. 80% wanted radios and whitewall tires. But, only 50% ordered automatic transmissions, and one in 10 Mustangs were ordered with the rally pack.
06:27. 1965 was the first year for the Shelby Mustang. Carroll Shelby was a legendary racecar driver and engineer and his Shelby Mustang gt350 was Rally a street-legal race car. built from the stock Mustang Fastback, it was heavily modified. The 289 v8 engine was hopped up from 271 to 306 horsepower and had a four-speed manual transmission, heavy-duty suspension, larger wheels and tires, a fiberglass hood, functional scoops, vent windows, twin racing stripes, and pins were added to the body.
07:03. At first, it only came out and white with blue stripes, it also had no back seat. Shelby’s relationship with Ford had started back in 1962. Ford had failed in its attempt to buy Ferrari. but managed to make an agreement with Shelby.
07:20. In 1959 Carroll Shelby was on the Aston Martin team that won the 24-hour Le Mans race. Consulting his doctor for chest pains. He was advised to quit racing. well, he decided if he couldn’t drive them he was going to build them.
07:36. In 1962 AC cars Limited in Surrey, England, who had been building lightweight sports cars in limited numbers for 35 years, found themselves in financial difficulty. Shelby recognized an opportunity when he saw it. He managed to convince both Ford and AC cars limited in England, that he had an agreement with the other party. He told Ford that he had bodies ready for Ford’s 260 engines and then told AC he had engines looking for bodies.
08:03. later he managed to pass off the only car he had several different ones, by painting it different colors for the car magazine editors to test. Everyone was convinced they’d seen several different cars when actually it was always the same car. In fact, the very first car anyone saw wasn’t painted at all there wasn’t time. so, they just scoured the aluminum body until it looked perfect. In its first race against Corvettes, it was one and a half miles in front and increasing its lead when a broken axle took it out of the race. But, everyone took notice.
08:37. None of the early Cobras were identical. Shelby and AC kept trying to make improvements. Shelby suggested AC round out the shape which they did. People said it looked like a Cobra ready to strike. The story goes that Shelby dreamt up the name one night and saw it written on a piece of paper on his nightstand the next morning.
08:56. In 1963 Ford came out with a four-barrel 271 horsepower, high-performance 289 cubic inch engine. naturally, Shelby started using this engine. The Cobra was designed for those seeking ultimate performance. Shelby’s legendary Cobras intimidated everyone on the racecourse. And then as high-performance production Mustangs, they attracted a large following. They epitomized power and speed and used brute force.
09:28. These magnificent machines are GT40s. In 1966 with Shelby guiding the Ford’s Performance division. He won the Le Mans race with three of its GT40 Mark II’s. In the first three positions, he beat Ferrari on its own turf and left Corvette standing. These 1966 style GT40s were built in the 80s in England using the original molds and carry the original serial numbers from an unfinished early run.
10:02. The great sports cars always use racecar engineering and styling. In commercials, Ford boasted that the Ford GT had stunned the world in international racing competition at Le Mans, Daytona, and
Sebring. And then out of this laboratory on wheels, had come the high-performance GT production car.
10:23. Distinctive with Mustang GT, stripes, fog lamps, 5 cluster instrument panel, sports steering, front-wheel disc brakes, heavy-duty stabilizer bar, flared dual trumpet exhausts and 289 cubic inch four-barrel v8 engine.
10:47. The 1966 Shelby Mustangs had a rear seat, smaller wheels, more color choices and an automatic transmission were offered as an option. Although few ordered it. A cobra Paxton’s supercharger engine was also available. The rear side window was plastic for that one.
11:07. Year Hertz ordered a thousand GT350s. They came in black with gold stripes and on the side, it had GT350H. however, these Shelby’s came back with definite signs of racing, so Hertz dropped them.
11:24. Shelby always used a real wood steering wheel. This is an extremely rare 1966 Shelby Mustang convertible. Only six were made that year at the end of the production run. Four as gifts from Shelby to friends and to kept by Shelby America for demonstration and office use. The six convertibles all came in different colors. Red, black, green, blue, white, and pink. This red one originally belonged to Shelby America and they put the optional Chrome Magnum 500 wheels on it.
In 1966 Shelby Mustang production was 2380 units, including 936 Hertz cars and the six specially built convertibles. All six convertibles had air-conditioning. Three were automatic and three had four-speed transmission, which this one has.
12.05. Not only is this a beautiful and powerful automobile it is also an expensive one, due to its rarity. The engine was the standard Shelby 289 Hypo engine. The convertibles didn’t have the racing stripes on the hood and deck lid, only the thinner side stripes with the GT350 designation. The side scoop which ducted air to the rear brakes on the regular Shelby’s was non-functional on the convertibles because of the convertible mechanism.
12:44. Mustang became the flagship of Ford’s performance program and succeeded in changing Ford’s image from conservative, to youthful and aggressive. Recently faithful reproductions of the Shelby convertibles have been created.
13:08. The standard 1966 Mustangs come off the production line showing that over three million have been sold. In 1966 the front grille had thin horizontal chrome stripes, with no heavy chrome bars attached to the horse corral. Rocker panel moldings became a sixteen-dollar option.
13:38. This 1966 Mustang GT has the blacked-out grille, longer nose, and GT stripes. It came with the five-gauge instrument panel, optional 8-track tape deck, and comfort control. Also, pony emblem floor mats. The GT had a heavy bar attaching to the horse corral and fog lights.
14:11. Adults weren’t the only ones who wanted a GT of their own. Kids could order this accurate battery-operated scale model.
15:00 the horse logo on the front was originally designed to run to the right, the way racehorses run. but in the final version, it runs to the left which is only proper for the free-spirited Mustang. When Lee Iacocca was asked about this mistake, he replied that it seemed headed in the right direction. Sales definitely supported that thought.
15:21. Ford still boasted of its limitless options. The best way to appreciate the beauty of these details is in newly restored Mustangs. The Magnificent embossed horses on the seats, are appropriate for a car nicknamed the pony car.
15:52. This original beauty contains Mexican Mustang cigarettes. Possibly named after the car and the splendid sporty trunk with mustang bag and wheel cover.
16:03 this 1965 restored fastback has the sporty trunk Mustang cigarettes toy replica car and embossed horses on the vinyl seats.
16:26. A 1966 hardtop GT parked in front of his 66 convertibles. Everything on this hardtop is completed stock for the GT package. Ford was spelled out in chrome block letters across the front hood from the 1964 models, on until the 1968 Mustangs.
16:49 this beautiful 1966 convertible has the sixteen-dollar aluminum rocker panel option, radio, and optional 289 v8 two-barrel engine. It has nearly 300,000 miles on it that is driven every day by its original owner. It was originally dark green, however, this is a new harder metallic paint that matches it. It came with the optional wire hubcaps it’s lowered and has 15-inch wheels rather than the 14-inch it came with.
17:33. A 1966 fastback with five vents and the GT insignia and stripes.
17:44. Ford introduces the 1967 Mustangs. The sleek fastback with its steering wheel that adjusts to nine different driving positions.
17:59. The hardtop, available with the six or any of four v8 engines. now the chrome bar across the center of the grille attached to the horse corral. The 67 was 2 inches longer in the nose and 2.7 inches wider. The indicator lights were recessed in the hood.
18:17. The roofline of the fastback swept from the windshield to the tail in an unbroken line. It had 12 vents instead of 5. It had a concave housing for the 3 rear tail lights. All GT cars carried the GT emblem on the gas cap. The side simulated scoops were keyed to the body color, not Chrome. The GT automatic was designated with the lettering GTA on the rocker panel stripe.
18:51. This modified 1967 convertible is one of 1,209 that came with front bench seats. The interior console layout was refined.
19:27. Total production for 1967 was 47,2121. Hardtops were still by far the most popular 356,271 were sold, as opposed to just over 71,000 Fastbacks and 44,808 Convertibles.
19:45. In 1967 the Shelby had softer suspension, power steering, and brakes, and fold-down rear seats. Shelby offered a GT500 which came with a 428 cubic inch engine. The Shelby would only last to 1970 due to disappointing sales. however, it is the early original Shelby’s that are coveted today for their engineering style and value.
20:14. The Shelby GT350 won the Sports Car Club of America’s coveted B production championship in 1965, 66, and 67. The Cobra insignia had become the symbol for performance.
20:28. Here in 1968 in a Ford commercial. Carol Shelby talks about his Shelby Mustang. To build my kind of car I had to take an existing car and modify it. I could have chosen any set of wheels I wanted. I picked mustang. Mustang is styled right, clean, and strong looking. Not fat and round and Mustang have that long list of features and options. I’ll tell you when it comes to imitations, I’ve seen some. But competition for the original, I haven’t seen any. Only Mustang makes it happen. These aren’t just words, it’s a fact.
21:1. This red 1968 Shelby Mustang convertible has a voice-activated snake sitting on its engine. This was the first year the production convertible was available.
21:25. Until 68 Shelby had made only those six special convertibles. In 1966 the 68 included a built-in roll bar and production was moved to Livonia Michigan.
21:42. Snake-charmer is a 1968 GT 350 with 365 horsepower and the optional Paxton supercharger. It is still owned by its original female buyer.
22:09. The 68 Shelby Mustang had a wider fiberglass nose jutting out over the bumper, and wide mesh grille set back into the front cavity.
22:19. In 68 the GT 350 and Gt500 had their best sales year. Totaling 4,450 prices ranged from 4,116 to $4,450. GT500s were almost twice as popular as GT350s. The KR stands for king of the road. This Shelby GT500 has a 428 Cobra Jet engine. This is one of only 40 cars painted yellow and 68. The poised Cobra adorns the gas cap and the front fenders.
22:59. For the standard Mustangs, the 1968 changes were minimal. there were no chrome bars attached to a smaller running horse on the front grille. Gone were the letters spelling out Ford across the front hood. And the block letters used for Mustang behind the horse on the fender were changed to a script. there were still three body styles hardtop convertible and fastback. but the number of models increased to ten. This is a California special with the plain grille, fog lights, no Mustang emblem, stripes and styled along the lines of the Shelby Mustang.
23:35. 1969 had major style changes. A dark-gray mesh plastic grille, all-metal before1969. Smoother non
Sculpted sides. It was a tougher no-nonsense automobile. Ford considered the term fastback old-fashioned and started calling it a sports roof.
23:52. The 1969 interior was redesigned with an emphasis on safety. Henry Ford II had snatched Bunkie Knudsen and stylist Larry Shinoda from GM. They would depart together after a couple of years, but their influence would be felt in the longer sleeker Mustang of 69.
24:20. The big news that year was the introduction of the boss 302, boss 429, and the Mach 1. Most 69 Mach 1 came with the 351 Cleveland v8. But this beauty has the powerful 428 Cobra Jet. Which made it one of the fastest accelerating cars in the world. This was the largest engine available on a Mach 1 69.
24:46. This has a 100% factory stock engine just polished valve covers. The hole in the hood accommodates the large engine without raising the entire front deck. The engine was rated 335 horsepower, but actually puts out 410 stocks right from the factory. Its color is royal maroon one of only 36 made that year. It has side air scoops, slats on the back window, and the rear wing were options.
25:26. Ford commercials emphasized the Mach 1. The 69 had the side roof Mustang medallion. It had racing pins and stripes similar to the Shelby. Ford shows up close the vibration of the Cobra jet engine. 72,458 Mach 1 were produced in 69. Of which approximately 13,150 were 428 Cobra Jet.
25:54. This Calypso coral Boss 302 is all original as it was delivered to the Ford dealer in 1969. The engine has been rebuilt but with original replacement parts. It has the 302 Hypo four-barrel engine with 290 horsepower. There were only 1623 of these manufactured. The 302 engine hit 60 in six seconds and it replaced the 289 v8.
26:19. The 1969 Shelby Mustang GT was also redesigned. It had metals circling the front grille. The KR identification was dropped, and they were now manufactured on the same production line as the regular Mustangs. Carroll Shelby announced the end of his involvement with Ford.
26.40. In 1970 the Mustangs won the SCCA trans-am championship. The 70 Mach one cost thirty-two hundred seventy-one dollars and weighed 3,240 pounds.
27:01. This stunning 1970 Mach 1 with the MY7T4RD license plate has a 351 CID Cleveland V8 engine, FMX automatic transmission. Nine-inch rear end with 3.25 to 1 ratio, power disc brakes, power steering, factory air, deluxe interior with tachometer. Everything is factory stock except the special yellow paint, flow fit seats, and seat belts.
27:36. The introduction of the boss and Mock affected Shelby’s sales. In 1968 4,450 Shelby Mustangs were sold, but only 601 in 1970. This Calypso coral Boss 302 four-barrel 8-cylinder engine Mustang, came with competition suspension, quick-ratio steering, Magnum 500 chrome wheels, tachometer 4-speed transmission power, front disc brakes, and a radio. Rear slats and spoilers were now available options on all Mustangs.
28:19. Another boss 302. Boss Mustangs came in striking colors. These three are grabber orange, grabber blue, and grabber green. This is a boss 429 built to comply with NASCAR race rules which required 500 cars be manufactured and offered to the public. only 1,300 were built and they carried the NASCAR tag on the lower edge of the driver’s door.
28:51. It was a highly modified version of Ford’s Thunderbird and full-sized car engine. It had a huge
Functional hood scoop. This 1970 is one of 10 California cars built. The batteries and the trunk had just wasn’t room in the engine compartment. It also helped weight distribution for racing.
29:11. The 1971 Mustangs anticipated the public’s desire for more luxury and bigger, Longer cars. The grille cavity was as wide as the car and the fastback or should we say sports roof extended all the way to the rear. earning the description flat back.
29:29. These are boss 351s which was only made this one year. 1,806 were produced. The 1971 Mach 1 with the 429 Cobra jet ram air engine. It has the automatic c6 transmission. It’s been entered in for shows so far and taken first prize in all of them.
30:10. Looking uncannily like a Mach 1. A red 1971 429 Cobra Jet Mustang convertible. Only about 1,300 cars were built with the 429 engine and only about a hundred of those were convertibles. So, this is a rare car fully restored back to its original condition. It was trimmed out like a Mock 1 and could have been called a Mach 1 convertible. But. Ford didn’t. Red with matte black stripes, power windows, air conditioning, Magnum 500 wheels with the same tires that were offered that year.
30:42. muscle cars were losing popularity. Due to insurance costs and emission standards. Sales dropped to 125,093 in 1972. However, sales for Pinto were over 347,000. By 1973 the oil crisis had car manufacturers worried. 73 was also the last year for the convertible for 10 years.
31:06. The 1974 Mustang II was smaller with a four-cylinder engine as standard and a 6 as an option. The Mustang II changed little between 1974 and 1978. In 1975 the 302 v8 was offered as an option and developed 122 horsepower.
31:26. By 1976 Ford was planning a new Mustang. Ford had bought the Cobra name and in 1976 offered the Cobra II the engine was 302 single barrel v8 rated at 139 horsepower. At first only available in white with twin black hood stripes and a rocker panel stripe carrying the Cobra 2 insignia. Different color combinations were offered in 1977. The 77 Gee showed off luxurious interior and moon roof.
32:11. The 1978 Mustang commercials stressed price less than 77. To celebrate its 15th anniversary, the horse reappeared in Mustang commercials in 1979. Aerodynamics became important since the low drag factor enhanced fuel economy. Wind tunnel testing a total of 136 hours and all, was extensive. The engine choices remained the same as for the Mustang II. The four-cylinder engine was standard. but now a turbocharged version was offered. Four-speed manual, four-speed manual with overdrive, v6 and v8 only, and three-speed automatic were available. 332,025 units were produced.
32:59. It was selected to be the 1979 Indianapolis 500 pace car. so here the Mustang takes the oval at the Indianapolis Speedway. 1979 was also the year Lee Iacocca was fired.
33:14. Little changed in 1980. Here Mustang takes on Porsche to prove it can match it in acceleration cornering braking etc. at all at an affordable price.
33:21. In 1981 power windows and T-bar roof style were options.
33:35. In 1982 under the grueling Desert Sun Mustang takes on the Camaro and beats it in 7.3 seconds. Ford continued to remind its public that Mustang originated from racecar design and engineering. And in fact, the very first Mustang prototype was a two-seater race car.
33:57. This 1962 documentary “The Mustang” shows us the evolution of that first Mustang prototype. From idea to illustration to finished model. This prototype was originally named Mustang after the world war II fighter plane. however, the horse a less warlike symbol would become its namesake.
34:15. After many preliminary drawings, they come up with the final design. Clean entry stylized roll bar and functional air scoops on the sides. The emblem is first created on paper then in clay and wood and finally in metal.
34:40. The special body was first developed in clay. starting with a wooden frame called an armature. Over which hot modeling clay is pushed and formed. When cool the clay is perfect for sculpting. From this, a fiberglass model is created.
35:01. It’s then subjected to Wind tunnel tests which confirmed the car’s aerodynamic body. Improve the effectiveness of the side vents. The aluminum sections are checked carefully against the fiberglass mold for accuracy. Before being welded and joined to the frame.
35:19. After final additions are made the car is tested on a track and is clocked at the Daytona Speedway at 120 miles per hour at a comfortable 6100 RPM. Sterling Moss the famous race car driver introduces it.
Before the start of the American Grand Prix at Watkins Glen.
35:37. Car and Driver was the first of many magazines to recognize Mustang’s engineering and styling innovations.
35:50. At the University of Miami, students are enthralled by the Mustang prototype. Showing the dual exhaust system turn signals and stoplight. The Mustang emblem in the rear deck latch. The engine has a single carburetor, high-speed cams eleven to one compression ratio, 60 degrees v4 block on 92 cubic inches.
36:11. The lights swivel for night driving the license plate can be down for regular driving or up for racing. Although Ford believed there wasn’t enough market appeal for the Mustang prototype. This dream car would evolve into one of the most successful cars ever built.
36:29. During the 1980s Ford boasted the Boss’s back with five-liter high output engine in 1983. Ford showed the boss being forged at its own steel Factory.
36:55. Back in 1964, Ford announced that it had become the first car manufacturer to build its own million-dollar steelmaking facility. A new factory to produce the exciting new unexpected Mustang.
37:19. In 1983 the convertible reappeared. The turbocharged SVO was touted by Ford in its 1984 commercials. The 1985 Mustang SVO’s intercooled four-cylinder turbocharged engine with 175 horsepower, promised you the power of eight cylinders and delivered.
37:39. Changes between 1985 and 86 were minor. This red 1987 GT is raced by its owner. It comes with custom stripes and special painted wheels and six Coney shocks. The car has been lowered and has the whale tail, a 302 supercharged 400 horsepower engine, interior Saleen flow fit leather seats, and an incredible sound system that includes nine speakers.
38:10. In front of it a black 1988 Mustang GT fastback which has many custom details. Including whale tail, taillight treatment, and horseplay license, and all-metal hood, custom rims, wider tires, and it’s been lowered.
38:40. Today, as in the past with Carroll Shelby, a race car driver Steve Saleen has helped create the high-performance Saleen Mustang. This Saleem is very rare indeed. This 1988 is the only one with Connolly leather and one of only two that are automatic. It has a 302 engine and 225 horsepower.
In 1989 Ford and Mustangers decided to celebrate their 25th anniversary in a big way. Mustang enthusiasts from all over the world made 1989 a year-long celebration. And on April 16th, 1989 converged on various locations around the country to celebrate the birth of the most successful sports car ever the
39:42. They came from as far away as Switzerland and picked up fellow Mustangers in France Scandinavia and England. They called the caravan the great American Pony Drive. They boarded a ship in Southampton and after arriving in Florida drove cross-country to Los Angeles. Picking up American Mustangs along the way.
40:29. At the Knott’s Berry Farm Ford Show thousands of Mustangs and over 100,000 car fans were brought together there were rows of early Mustang convertibles, hardtops, and Fastbacks. Rows of Shelby Mustang, cobras, bosses, and mock ones, and even rare Shelby AC cobras. They came in every color and from all over the world.
41:06 a sampling of some of many beautiful Mustang details. Ford sometimes made changes during the production year or used a different hubcap or part. When none of the original ones were available so sometimes, you’ll hear someone comment.
41:20. That a particular part wasn’t in that year’s car while its original owner will swear it came that way. all of which makes for good conversation between Mustang experts. Mustang lovers are a varied lot. Some are purists who won’t change a single detail, others are into heavy modifications. Some love the old
Classics some love the muscle cars. But they all agree on one thing they won’t be trading it in any day soon.
41:59. Like all true legends, there are always those doubters who are sure it won’t last and those who don’t think it should. But the Mustangers those people who never let the legend die or be retired created a phenomenon most cars are ultimately discontinued and more than once.
42:16. Ford thought about it. But the reaction was so great the Mustang could never be put out to pasture. on any given weekend anywhere in the country, there’s a Mustang meet taking place. Where collectors’ restorers and fans get together to celebrate a car that’s a legend.
42:39. Mustang. Wow